History, culture and natural beauty may best illustrate the essence of a German holiday. With many historic cities and towns, as well as a large number of forests and mountains, tourists will be troubled by many choices when choosing unique tourist locations. Those who wish to go sightseeing or experience art should head to metropolitan areas such as Munich, Frankfurt or Hamburg, while those seeking recreational activities should visit places such as the Bavarian Alps, the Black Forest or the Rhine Valley.
Lovely old cathedrals and grand palaces are everywhere, and in the smaller towns and villages – some with their original medieval Old Towns still intact – many centuries-old traditions, including traditional Christmas markets, festivals, and fairs, continue to this day. At the cultural heart of Germany is the capital, Berlin, home to many fine museums and galleries, while nature lovers will find a world of possibilities in Germany’s great outdoors. For ideas to help plan your travels, read our list of the top tourist attractions in Germany.
1. The Island of Rügen
Rügen is the largest and most beautiful island in the Baltic Sea archipelago in Germany. It is separated from the rest of Germany from Strelasund and connected to the mainland by a causeway. The beauty of the island stems from its diverse landscapes, ranging from flat farmland and forest-covered hills to vast beaches, lagoons and beautiful peninsulas.
An interesting thing to do here, especially for outdoor enthusiasts, is to visit the Jasmund peninsula, which has a height of 161 meters. Here, you will find Jasmund National Park, which is popular with nature lovers for its rich wildlife. Famous species, including the rare white-tailed eagle, are found here.
Another attraction is the beautiful Stubnitz beech forest on the island, which is part of the Königsstuhl National Park. These dense old forests have a panoramic view at the dramatic end of the King’s Chair (Königsstuhl), which is one of the most dramatic parts of the island’s landscape, with steep chalk cliffs falling into the sea from a height of 117 meters.
There is also a great visitor center, which provides a wealth of valuable information about all aspects of the island. Another must-see is the small resort town of Putbus, which is the seat of Prince Putbus and has many neoclassical buildings and parks.
2. Zugspitze Massif
The Zugspitze mountain range is part of the Wetterstein mountain range, which straddles the border between Germany and Austria and is surrounded by steep valleys. The eastern top of the mountain is 2,962 meters above sea level, with a gilded cross on it, which can be reached by Bayerische Zugspitzbahn, cog railway or cable car.
Enjoy another great way to appreciate natural beauty on the Tierre Zugspitze Railway, which goes directly to Zugspitze Station at 2,805 meters. From here, you can take the cable car to the Zugspitz-Westgipfel Station (2950 meters) (please be sure to taste the food in the first-class panoramic restaurant here) to continue the journey.
A highlight of the journey is the opportunity to pass through an 800-meter-long tunnel with a viewing window that leads to the Schneefernerhaus station on top of the Bavarian Cog Railway, from where you can climb to the East Peak via the viewing platform. Moreover, due to the many ski resorts nearby, the Zugspitze is a great place to visit Germany in winter.
3. Bamberg and the Bürgerstadt
Bamberg is located in the Regnitz Valley. The river has two arms. It is an ancient royal city and the most important town in Upper Franconia. It is one of the most well-preserved monuments among many charming old towns in Germany. It is also an exploration One of the most ancient towns on foot.
Your walking tour should start in its ancient diocese, home to the 13th-century cathedral and Michaelsberg’s ancient Benedictine monastery. Between the two branches of the river, you will find the spectacular Bürgerstadt, a small borough of Bamberg that contains the Grüner Markt, which is an excellent pedestrian area, and here is the 17th century St. Martin’s Baroque church In the north, the New Town Hall, or Neues Rathaus, was built in 1736. However, the most important structure in the town is the Old Town Hall, built on top of Obere Brücke (Upper Bridge).
4. Berlin’s Museum Island
Berlin’s world-famous Museumsinsel or Museum Island is located between the River Spree and Kupfergraben, the latter being a canal 400 meters from the river, and Including many of the oldest and most important museums in the city.
At the center of this pedestrian zone is the Old Museum, which was built in 1830 and is a place where royal treasures are displayed. Soon thereafter, the land behind the museum was classified as works of art and “ancient knowledge.”
Between 1843 and 55, a new museum was formed. In 1876, the National Gallery and the Bode Museum, which was built in 1904 and collected antiquities, were added. Another highlight of walking to these fascinating sights is Pergamon, which has historic buildings from the Middle East. But be warned: there is so much to see in these amazing museums, and you can’t pack everything into one day.
5. The Rhine Valley
The Rhine is not only the most important waterway in Europe, but also the most beautiful waterway. This magnificent river has a total length of 1,320 kilometers, stretching from Switzerland to Germany and to the Netherlands.
Although there are many places in Germany to appreciate this majestic river, the beautiful upper and middle valley section of the Rhine-designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site-may be a favorite attraction for tourists. Here, this eye-catching river, usually 65 kilometers long, has 40 castles and about 60 picturesque medieval towns, all of which are waiting to be visited by boat or car.
Looking for a good place to start an adventure in the Rhine Valley? The historic town of Bingen is a good starting point, where the river passes through a deep canyon before entering the Bacharach Valley.
6. Miniatur Wunderland and the Historic Port of Hamburg
In the heart of the historic Port of Hamburg, the magnificent Miniatur Wunderland (the largest model railway in the world) is an attraction for young and old. This large model has more than 12,000 meters of track, includes sections dedicated to the United States, England, and Scandinavia (and Hamburg), and contains 890 trains, 300,000 lights, and figures for more than 200,000 people.
It is not uncommon for guests to spend a lot of time exploring this fascinating world, with its extremely detailed miniature airports (and actual planes taking off), crowded cities, quaint rural scenery and the port of Hee Hee Harbor. For an unforgettable experience, book a behind-the-scenes tour, which is a particularly interesting thing at night.
Speaking of ports, be sure to explore the vast port of Hamburg there. This huge tidal port covers an area of 100 square kilometers and is one of the largest cruise ship terminals in the world. It is known as the gateway to Germany and is the best choice for boat trips. Afterwards, visit the harbour promenade, a beautiful walking route and warehouse area, where there are tall brick warehouses.
7. Neuschwanstein Castle
The quaint old town of Füssen between the Ammergau and Allgäu Alps, as well as the popular alpine resort and winter sports center, is an ideal base for visiting the nearby Neuschwanstein Castle, which is Europe’s most famous (and scenic) Painting) one of the royal castles.
King Ludwig II of Bavaria built this towering fantasy fortress covered with battlements between 1869 and 1986-the inspiration for Walt Disney’s famous theme park castle.A variety of travel options are offered, including the throne room, the singer’s hall… to see the gorgeous interior decoration and enjoy some of the most spectacular scenery in the country.
8. The Black Forest
The beautiful Black Forest and its dark densely forested hills are one of the most popular mountain areas in Europe. It is located in the southwest corner of Germany, 160 kilometers from Pforzheim in the north to Waldschute in the Rhine Highlands in the south. It is a paradise for hikers.
On the west side, it descends steeply to the Rhine and intersects the lush valley, while on the east side, it slopes more gently down to the upper valleys of the Neckar and Danube.
Popular attractions include Germany’s oldest ski resort, Todtnau, the magnificent spa facilities of Baden-Baden and the charming resort of Bad Liebenzell.
Other highlights include the spectacular Black Forest Railway, which is centered on Triberg, the famous waterfall, and Triberg itself, which is home to the Black Forest Open Air Museum. What is the best way to catch them? Ask for a map of the Black Forest panoramic route. This is a 70-kilometer drive to take in the best views of the region and admire its top historical sights, including charming castles and numerous medieval towns and villages.
9. Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom)
The towering Kölner Dom-Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Mary-on the Rhine River is undoubtedly the most impressive landmark of Cologne. This masterpiece of high Gothic architecture is one of the largest cathedrals in Europe. It was built in 1248 and was the most ambitious architectural project in the Middle Ages.
The facade is majestic, and its magnificent interior covers an area of 6,166 square meters with 56 huge pillars. Above the high altar is the Relic Warehouse of the Three Kings. This is a twelfth-century gold artwork designed by Nicholas of Verdun to house the relics of the Three Kings brought from Milan.
Other highlights include the panoramic view of the South Tower, the 12th and 13th century stained glass in the Church of the Three Kings, and the Ministry of Finance, which holds many precious items, all of which have been preserved after World War II. To enjoy the best views of the city and river, climb the 533 steps to the observation deck of the South Tower. (A small entrance fee is required.)
10.Berlin’s Brandenburg Gate
The huge sandstone Brandenburg Gate in Berlin’s Mitte district modeled on the Acropolis and was built for King Frederick William II in 1791. It was Berlin’s first neoclassical building. It is 26 meters high and impressive, including the Quadriga (a magnificent four-horse chariot carrying the goddess of victory). The six huge pillars on either side of the structure form five impressive passages: four for Regular traffic, and the center is reserved for the royal carriage. Toll booths and guards used to use two buildings on either side of a huge Doric decorative door.
There is no doubt that Berlin is the most iconic building. It’s hard to believe that the majestic building you see today was severely damaged during World War II and was once part of the infamous Berlin Wall. For decades, It symbolizes the division of Berlin into East and West.